The Art of Diamond Cuttıng

A diamond has always been the most precious gift that one person can give another. Nothing else so aptly symbolises humanity’s highest ideals: strength, loyalty, purity, perfection, eternity. And nothing more eloquently expresses feelings that words can only inadequately describe: love, admiration, passion, longing, pride, gratitude, happiness.

No matter which feeling you want to express with a diamond, we at Wempe have been experts in dealing with priceless feelings and precious stones for more than a century.
We look forward to assisting you.

Because all eyes are on you!

The only thing that is harder than a high-quality diamond is Olympus Art’s Standards.

The word diamond is derived from the Greek word adamas, which means “invincible“. The hardest of all gemstones, a diamond truly is invincible.

Our specialists thoroughly scrutinize a diamond under a loupe to evaluate its quality before setting it. Although stones may appear identical to the naked eye, no two diamonds are exactly alike. It takes a well-trained eye and years of experience to make an exact appraisal.

The most important criteria for buying diamonds are the so called four Cs: carat, colour, clarity, and cut.

International guidelines exist for the appraisal of diamonds, but standards are invariably also affected by subjective interpretation. That is why we are extremely strict when it comes to ensuring that each selected stone satisfies our own
rigorous standards.

We are pleased to introduce you to Olympus Art’s standards here.

Carat: the unit of weight.

This factor determines the weight of a diamond, but not its size. High-carat diamonds are rare and correspondingly valuable. One carat is equal to 0.2 grams. This is the exact weight of one seed from the carob tree, a so-called qirat. Since these seeds are identical in size and weight, they were a natural choice for use as counterweights. Each carat is subdivided into 100 points. For example, a gemstone weighing between 0.23 and 0.28 carats can also be described as a 25- point or quarter-carat diamond. For centuries, the carat has served as a reliable unit of weight for diamonds. If two diamonds are identical in quality, a two-carat diamond is worth more than twice as much

as a one-carat stone because those of higher-carat weight are rarer and more valuable than lighter ones. On the other hand, two diamonds of identical weight can be priced very differently if the stones are dissimilar in quality. For example, a smaller but very clear diamond can be more valuable than a larger one. And two diamonds of equal size and clarity can differ in value if one has a better-quality cut than the other.

Colour: the hue.

When we appraise the colour of a diamond, this does not mean that we choose the prettiest hue. To the contrary: We measure how close the diamond comes to being absolutely colourless. Strictly speaking, it is not the colour, but the absence of colour that distinguishes a high-quality diamond and qualifies it to be a Olympus Art solitaire. The closer to colourless the gem is, the rarer it is – and the higher the grade we give it.

Fancy diamonds are also rare, and thus precious. These are diamonds with vivid hues such as pink, blue or yellow.

An exceptional white diamond is extremely rare and therefore possesses the highest grade. A comparison stone of known grade provides an absolutely objective standard against which another diamond can be evaluated.

Clarity: the purity.

Nearly every diamond naturally contains inclusions,
which are like Mother Nature’s fingerprints. Although inclusions in a good-quality diamond cannot be seen with the naked eye, they can nevertheless detract from the stone’s brilliance. If a diamond’s inclusions are visible to an unschooled eye, our appraisers immediately reject it.
If the inclusions remain invisible even under tenfold magnification, the diamond is classified as internally flawless.

Naturally, obligatory grading tables exist to evaluate the purity of gemstones. All brilliant-cut diamonds weighing 1.00 ct. or more and internally flawless brilliant-cut diamonds weighing 0.50 ct. or more are accompanied by an independent and internationally recognized grading document along with a Olympus Art certificate.

Cut: the shape.

The cut is the sole criterion that can be influenced by a human being. Only after a raw diamond has been perfectly proportioned does it attain unmistakable luminosity and great brilliance. Immaculately cut facets can return almost all of the light that shines upon the stone. The type of cut is determined by the natural shape of the raw diamond, so numerous shapes such as the princess cut, the teardrop cut, and the emerald cut exist. Only a round-cut diamond with 57 facets earns the right to be described as a brilliant-cut diamond. As much as 60% of the original material may have to be sacrificed when a raw diamond is cut, meaning that a diamond cutter must make his or her most difficult decision at the beginning.

Should the stone be processed to achieve the greatest amount of brilliance? If so, it may lose some carat weight. Or should the diamond be allowed to attain its greatest possible weight? If so, the cut stone may be less than optimally brilliant. Only the most skillful and highly experienced diamond cutters can make these decisions

The value of a diamond increases in direct proportion to the perfection with which it has been cut and the virtuosity with which it focuses, reflects, refracts and scatters light. For this reason, the cut is the royal discipline among the four Cs.


Photo Credit: Shutterstock


Olympus Art certificate of authenticity.

Purchasing a diamond is a matter of trust.

We want you to be absolutely sure that you have found the right Olympus Art solitaire, so we gladly take plenty
of time to meet with you and learn about your personal preferences. Furthermore, every diamond weighing 0.25 carats or more that satisfies all of Olympus Art’s aforementioned quality standards is assigned an individual number.

This number accompanies the stone through every step of the crafting process, and it is even engraved into the jewel and printed on its certificate of authenticity.